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Minding the Gap in Domestic Violence Legislation: Should

Details: conduct laws recently passed in Scotland, Ireland, and England and Wales that have attempted to close this gap. Finally, it recommends that states pass course-of-conduct domestic violence statutes, using Scotland’s la. w as a model.

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Criminal Liability, Public Policy, and the Principle of

Details: of laws intended to facilitate social engineering by blocking effective op-position to the apartheid legislation. It is this second category of laws which is the focus of this article. For the most part, the laws in this group are not racially discriminatory. Instead, their …

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Assessing the Relative Effects of State Direct File Waiver

Details: various effects of juvenile transfer laws, few studies have examined the deterrent effects of such laws on aggregate juvenile crime. In this study, we assess the general deterrent effects of direct file transfer laws in fourteen states which have such provisions. Findings reveal that direct file laws have little effect on violent juvenile crime.

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The Increasing Extraterritorial Impact of U.S. Laws: A

Details: the same conclusion: the U.S. antitrust laws should be applied to an over- seas transaction when there is a substantial and foreseeable effect on the United States commerce; and consistent with these ends, it …

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Powers and Duties of the State Attorney-General in

Details: Some such general statute appears in the laws of almost all states and most of them, as does the provision quoted, contain some brief reference to criminal law powers or duties in the office of attorney-general, but clearly it is the major function of the incumbent of this office, under these statutes, to be the attorney for the state in its

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Stripping the Gears of National Government: Justice

Details: PROGRESSIVE LAWS AND LAWMAKING Simon Lazarus ABSTRACT—Since William Rehnquist became Chief Justice in 1986, the Supreme Court has been aggressively activist in narrowing, undermining, or effectively nullifying an array of statutes—in particular the vast edifice of regulatory, safety net, and civil rights laws enacted by both the federal and

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Case to Repeal the Antidumping Laws, The

Details: Antidumping Laws Robert W. McGee* I. INTRODUCTION Antidumping laws were designed to protect domestic industry from foreign competition. They protect producers at the expense of consum-ers, which results in higher prices, lower quality products, less consumer choice and a general lowering of the standard of living for the vast major-ity of people.

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Morals and the Criminal Law

Details: laws, social insurance legislation, and collective bargaining regulations." Such social legislation, perhaps acquiesced to in principle by the masses, opposed in principle by powerful business groups, and often militantly supported only by a vigorous minority of socially' conscious individuals, gives rise to an

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McDonald v. Chicago: Which Standard of Scrutiny Should

Details: of gun-control laws, it is enormously difficult to produce empirical support for gun-control regulations, and therefore a rigorous form of strict scrutiny, requiring the government to demonstrate that a challenged regulation is the essential means for achieving a compelling governmental interest, would

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Aptitude Test for Policemen

Details: #Includes duties, terminology, some of laws and ordinances. THE EXPERIMENTAL GROUP The co-operation of the Newark police department was enlisted to secure a group of policemen for the experimental evaluation. Being the second largest city in the metropolitan area, it was thought that a

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U.S. Supreme Court Decisions and Sex Offender Legislation

Details: enacted a wide range of new laws that target sex offenders. A series of U.S. Supreme Court cases has addressed the constitutionality of such legislation and, in so doing, contributed to the current policy landscape. The Court’s influence is noteworthy in part because of the calls during this same time period for evidence-based policy.

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Sex Morals and the Law in Ancient Egypt and Babylon

Details: The laws of Egypt in relation to public morals and particularly to adultery were harsh and cruel." They were, however, no more severe, so far as we know, than those of Europe in the Middle Ages. A married woman convicted of adultery was punished by slitting the 'nose, for the reason that that feature was the most conspicuous and

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Overcoming Overcriminalization

Details: such laws have fallen into desuetude, the laws remain enforceable at the whim of law enforcement agents and prosecutors. A case in point is the White Slave Traffic Act, also known as the Mann Act, which as originally passed prohibited the transportation of females “for the purpose of prostitution or debauchery, or for any other immoral

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Domestic Violence and Mandatory Arrest Laws: To What

Details: arrest domestic violence laws has resulted in an increase in arrests for intimate partner violence as well as other relationships included under such statutes.' This research also suggests that the increased arrest rate is in part attributable to a disproportionate increase in arrests for females either as a

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Law and Punishment in Early Renaissance Venice

Details: the responsibility for collating the laws and acting as a legal reference service for the state. One of the results of this responsibility was a series of registers listing the most important legislation passed by the commune. Capitularies, also, were set up for all the councils of …

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The Law Relating to Police Interrogation Privileges and

Details: LAws c. 41, §98 (1932). For an account of police practice in the thirties, see WAiTE, CRIMNAL LAW IN AcrioN cC. VII-IX (1934). For more recent accounts see MORELAND, MODERN CRIMU'TAL PROCEDURE C. 4 (1959). The practice is still with us and perhaps even increasing! For statutory sanction in Missouri

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Designing More Effective Laws Against Human Trafficking

Details: the design of more effective anti-trafficking laws. Finally, specific recommendations on how to design such laws, as well as discussion of the roles of law enforcement and survivor protection in combating human trafficking, will be provided. * Fellow on Human Trafficking, Harvard University, Kennedy School of Government, author, SEX

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Retroactive Legality: Marijuana Convictions and

Details: A. A Brief History of Marijuana (and Narcotics) Laws in the United States.. 388 B. A Racially Disparate Regime .. 391 C. The Movement towards Marijuana Legalization.. 393 II. RATIONALES FOR AND CONSEQUENCES OF

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Piracy Cases in the Supreme Court

Details: various laws lack uniformity as well as completeness. Questions arise as to whether there are two distinct kinds of piracy; that is, piracy which is an offense against international law and piracy which is a violation of the municipal law of a state, and also as to the place which piracy

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Japanese View of United States Trade Laws, A

Details: laws to protect their market in the United States. In the fields of textiles, steel, televisions, automobiles, and semiconductors, numerous legal ac-tions have been initiated against Japanese products by the manufacturers, labor unions and, occasionally, the United States government itself. The number of cases in which United States trade laws

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The Danish Purge-Laws

Details: "PUGE LAWS" The two laws are both named supplements to former laws viz. the Civil Penal Law of 1930 and the Law of Procedure of 1919. This will show that it was not the intention to discontinue the established principles of the Danish laws. However the Laws 259/45 and 260/45 constitute a breach of former Danish prin-ciples of law.

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THE CHARACTER OF LAW: A NORMATIVE CRITIQUE OF …

Details: Recognizing that the repeal of these laws is unlikely, however, the Note also provides recommendations for how their enforcement may be cabined so as to minimize harmful legal and social effects. More broadly, this Note is a case study of the fluid boundaries between law and policy, providing a

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Gun Control and Economic Discrimination: The Melting-Point

Details: guns banned by the melting-point laws is the most affordable, and therefore the most accessible, segment of the handgun market.9 Thus, the net effect of the melting-point laws has been to eliminate the most affordable segment of handguns from the market.10 The primary arguments made 'in support of melting-point laws

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Denying Genocide or Denying Free Speech

Details: European Union. 9 What makes Rwanda’s laws of interest is the manner in which these laws have been used to restrict a free and open debate on matters of public interest in the country and especially the restrictive effect the laws have had on free speech in the media.

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Comparative Study of the Preventive Effects of Mandatory

Details: the laws.6 If the laws were effective in reducing firearm crimes, the number of gun offenses should decrease in the post-intervention period. To further strengthen the basis for causal inference, our design incorporates several other features. First, to increase the precision

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Comparing American Disability Laws to the Convention on

Details: the U.S. disability laws and examine issues with PSE opportunities for persons with ID in the United States. Next, it will examine the corresponding provisions of the CRPD, compare it to the U.S. laws, and make suggestions about how the CRPD can be amended to provide better PSE outcomes for persons with ID. Hopefully, this analysis will shed

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The Sexual Psychopath Laws

Details: Laws should be enacted to segregate such persons, preferably before but at least after their sex crimes, and to keep them confined as irresponsible patients until their malady has been completely and permanently cured. 7. Since sexual psychopathy is a mental malady, the pro- fessional advice as to the diagnosis, the treatment, and the

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Human Rights and the Rule of Law in Renaissance England

Details: laws within this his realm, and other the king’s dominions, as other the king’s subjects, naturally born within the same, enjoy and inherit.”1 In the seventeenth century the language ∗ Downing Professor of Law, Universty of Cambridge; fellow, St. Catharine’s College. 1 27 Hen. 8, c. 26 (1536) (Eng.).

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National Laws Governing Commercial Space Activities

Details: enacting and implementing national laws authorizing and providing for continuing supervision of the activities in outer space of non-governmental entities under their jurisdiction.”13 The rapid emergence of national space legislation is the fastest growing area of Space Law. …

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Challenging â Unnatural Crimesâ : The Connection between

Details: countries maintain the laws that criminalize same-sex consensual relationships 2 —known as “sodomy laws”—that were first introduced under colonialism. 3 ¶2 Though the prevalence of homophobic attitudes remains a significant obstacle for activists, the fight for LGBTI …

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The Modern Common Law of Crime

Details: Legislatures enact too many laws. 5. Congress, in particular, has created a federal criminal law that duplicates state criminal codes. 6. State and federal laws are often too broad, criminalizing actions that should be lawful. 7. Worse still, the statutes are often vague, making it difficult . 1 Jones v. Thomas, 491 U.S. 376, 381 (1989); 1 W

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Abortion: Reform and the Law

Details: laws of various states have sparked an emotion-packed debate of national scope and import. Al-though this debate is political in nature, it has taken on strong religious overtones due to the influence of the Catholic Church which has become so deeply involved in …

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Commentary on China's New Patent and Trademark Laws, A

Details: China's New Patent and Trademark Laws 6:86(1984) Center.'° To ensure effective implementation of its new economic laws, the PRC intends to establish a specialized judiciary to ajudicate claims which arise under the economic laws.1 Whether these courts will have jurisdic-tion to adjudicate appeals of the decisions of the patent and trademark

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Easing Concealed Firearms Laws: Effects on Homicide in

Details: weapons laws seek to make firearms less available for violence.2 Details of concealed weapons laws vary greatly among localities, but most approaches fall into two categories. One of these is a discre-tionary system, sometimes called "may issue" licensing.3 Under this policy, legal authorities grant licenses only to those citizens who can

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Suing a Foreign Government Under the United States

Details: of the restraints of trade proscribed by the antitrust laws of the United States.4 Increased state involvement in trade and commerce has mani-fested itself in a variety of ways, including the growth of producer car-tels with sovereign states as members,5 state monopolization of the sale

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Release from Involuntary Custodial Confinement: O'Connor v

Details: administration of mental health laws in many states. 3 Respondent, Kenneth Donaldson, was civilly com-mitted to the Florida State Hospital at Chattahoo-chee in 1957 for "care, maintenance, and treat-ment," pursuant to Florida statutory provisions that have since been …

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Forced Labor, Revisited: The Thirteenth Amendment and …

Details: twentieth century cases invalidating laws that effectively imposed peonage, the Court consistently held those laws to be in conflict with both the Thirteenth Amendment and the federal statutes authorized by it. Bailey v. Alabama, 219 U.S. 219, 239, 245 (1911): United States v. …

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Mandatory Prison Sentences: Their Projected Effects on

Details: MANDATORY PRISON SENTENCES 60% of those arrested for robbery have a prior felony conviction, but only 48% of those with a prior conviction are sentenced to …

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Transnational Competition Law Aspects of Mergers and

Details: laws that apply to business transactions involving those nations. Regional * Mr. Hannay is the leader of the Antitrust Practice Group at the Chicago-based law firm of Schiff Hardin & Waite and is the Immediate Past Chair of the American Bar Associa- tion's Section of International Law and Practice.

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When a Soldier Breaks the Law

Details: against its laws. Neither can, by merely providing for the punish-ment of offenders against its laws, deprive others of the right to punish offenders against their laws. Where a soldier violates the military law of the United States and that of a state as well, the offender is …

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Conflicting State and Local Laws

Details: Conflicting State and Local Laws Under what circumstances may a municipality pass regulations on a subject already covered by state legislation? A late pronouncement on the question by the Supreme Judicial court of Massachusetts' holds that a municipal ordinance penalizing the use of …

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Chinese and American Criminal Law: Some Comparisons

Details: Precisely what laws are applicable under that regime, no one outside the area knows for sure. The writer does not want to indulge in spec-ulation or exaggeration, but the testimony given by a foreigner who recently returned from China may furnish us with some information in respect of the administration

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"The Most Attractive Contract Laws" by Gilles Cuniberti

Details: It shows that parties’ preferences are homogenous and that the laws of five jurisdictions dominate the international market for contracts. Among them, two are chosen three times more often than their closest competitors: English and Swiss laws. This Article then inquires which features made English and Swiss laws more attractive than other

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Tort, Crime and the Primitive

Details: We have many laws on our statute books which some concern for public morality must have placed there and which, nevertheless, are more often broken than ob-served,. e.g., liquor laws, lost goods laws, gambling laws, traffic laws, divorce laws, 2 a Ibid., p. 50.

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Vol. 110, No. 3 Essay

Details: 110:589 (2016) Compulsory Vaccination Laws Are Constitutional 591 States were infected.7 This outbreak was the worst in California in twenty-four years, but luckily there were no reported deaths.8 According to the California Department of Public Health, measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) vaccinations “are more than 97% effective in

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Grassroots Death Sentences: The Social Movement for

Details: socio-political setting of capital child rape laws. On July 12, 1994, Billy Pittman sought psychiatric help. He had recently parted ways his girlfriend, he had been fired from his job as a short-order cook, and his temper was getting out of control. This was not the first time …

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The Role of Police in a Democratic Society

Details: acted an amendment to its "Sunday Blue laws" to make it dear that selling goods on Sunday is a crime in Pennsylvania. Apparently the legislature was concerned with the tremendous growth of so-called "bargain city centers" operating at the out-skirts of large cities which …

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