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2021 Major Public Acts

Details: 2021-R-0106 June 30, 2021 Page 4 of 30 evidence obtained from the technology and (2) access is granted for the employee to defend him- or herself against the disciplinary action (PA 21-160, effective October 1, 2021).

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Federal and State Electronic Signature Laws

Details: These laws also vary with respect to the types of transactions that are covered. Attached is a copy of the federal law, a copy of Connecticut laws, and information on other state laws. MAJOR PROVISIONS OF THE FEDERAL ACT. The Electronic Signatures in Global and National Commerce Act applies to transactions in interstate or foreign commerce.

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Federal and State Employment Discrimination Laws

Details: Following is a brief summary of the principal federal employment anti-discrimination laws and how state law differs. We relied heavily on Commerce Clearing House ' s Employment Practices Law Reporter for sections of this memo dealing with federal discrimination laws. Please let us know if you need more detailed or additional information.

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Statutory Rape Laws by State

Details: Table 1 shows statutory rape laws, including penalties, by state. Table 1: Statutory Rape Laws by State. States. Statutory Rape. Penalties. Alabama § 13A-6-61 § 13A-6-62. First-degree rape for someone age 16 or older to have sexual intercourse with someone under age 12.

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RIGHTS OF A LONG-TERM GUEST AT A RESIDENCE

Details: The state ' s landlord-tenant laws protect people living in dwellings owned or leased by others. A person need not be listed on a formal lease to gain protection under these laws, but may gain protection by establishing residence in a place. Transient guests, however, are not protected and the dwelling ' s primary occupant may cause them to be

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AN ACT CONCERNING PEDESTRIAN SAFETY, VISION ZERO …

Details: a fine, by people who violate specified motor vehicle laws, regulations, and ordinances, such as speeding and reckless driving. It also adds dooring to the list of violations to which the surcharge applies. By law, the state must remit this fee to the municipality in which a violation occurs.

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STATE LAWS ON INHALANT USE

Details: In most states, violations of these laws are misdemeanors. Penalties range from $25 fines to $10,000 fines and from 30 days or less in jail to up to six years in prison. A limited electronic search of statutes also found that several states—Alaska, Georgia, Kentucky, New Jersey, Utah, and Vermont—specifically include inhalants in their laws

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CONDOMINIUM ACT-RIGHTS OF UNIT OWNERS

Details: Three different sets of laws govern condominiums, depending on when they were created. The Common Interest Ownership Act (CIOA) governs the creation, alteration, management, termination, and sale of condominiums and other common interest communities formed in Connecticut after December 31, 1983 (CGS § 47-200 et seq.).

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SEXUAL ABUSE, HARASSMENT, AND ASSAULT

Details: State anti-discrimination laws contain two references to sexual harassment. First, the Commission on Human Rights and Opportunities (CHRO) can require employers of at least three people to post, in a prominent and accessible location, information concerning the illegality of sexual harassment and remedies available to its victims.

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Laws Regulating Surveillance

Details: The federal laws authorize states to use their procedures but also permit state lawmakers to set more restrictive rules. New London State ' s Attorney Kevin Kane reports that in Connecticut the wiretap law is more protective of privacy than the federal law, and Connecticut law enforcement personnel do not use all of the wiretap techniques the

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LAWS GOVERNING U.S. SENATE VACANCIES

Details: Laws in 34 states, including Connecticut, require the governor to appoint a replacement to fill a U.S. Senate vacancy. Laws in three states (Hawaii, Utah, and Wyoming) require the governor to make a temporary appointment, who serves until the next regularly-scheduled general election, chosen from a list of three prospective appointees that the

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RIGHT TO DIE LAWS

Details: These laws are sometimes referred to as “death with dignity” or “physician-assisted suicide” laws. Oregon was the first state to enact a death with dignity act, when it passed a ballot measure in 1994. The act was not implemented until 1997 due to legal challenges.

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MENTAL ILLNESS AND FIREARM LAWS

Details: ISSUE What are the laws on the possession or acquisition of firearms by people with a mental illness?. SUMMARY. Federal law prohibits anyone “adjudicated as a mental defective” or “committed to a mental institution” from shipping, transporting, receiving, or possessing firearms or ammunition, unless granted relief under a federally approved program.

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STATE LAWS ON LANDLORDS’ TREATMENT OF ABANDONED …

Details: Most of the states have laws that are specific to post-eviction handling of tenants ' property. However, the law in some states (e.g., Arizona, Iowa, Minnesota, Missouri, Nevada, and New Jersey) applies to property that a tenant “abandons” either pre- or post-eviction.

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RIGHT-TO-FARM ORDINANCES

Details: The ordinances and laws mainly aim to protect farms and agricultural operations from certain nuisance lawsuits. Connecticut ' s right-to-farm law exempts farms meeting specified conditions and following generally accepted agricultural practices, from certain nuisance laws, regulations, and ordinances concerning odor, noise, and other

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Public Act No. 21-119

Details: laws or regulations identified in subparagraphs (A)(i) to (A)(iv), inclusive, of this subdivision, and such covered entity's cybersecurity program conforms to the current version of: (i) The security requirements of the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act …

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Criminal Laws on Encouraging Suicide

Details: these states’ laws are described below (California, Minnesota, Oklahoma, and South Dakota). Minnesota’s law, however, was struck down by its state Supreme Court as an infringement on free speech rights under the First Amendment. In addition, California’s courts have held that criminal

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TREE TRIMMING LAWS AND PROGRAMS

Details: LAWS. CGS § 16-234 bars electric and telephone companies from cutting or trimming any tree on a highway or public ground or that hangs over such property without the adjoining property owner ' s consent. If the company cannot obtain the owner ' s consent, it can cut or trim the tree with the approval of the town tree warden or DEEP. The tree

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Connecticut's Opioid Drug Abuse Laws

Details: overdose (“Good Samaritan” laws); (3) establishing a statewide prescription drug monitoring program; and (4) limiting the amount of certain opioid drugs that may be prescribed to adults and minors. This report highlights provisions of Connecticut law intended to reduce or prevent opioid drug abuse.

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Emergency Vehicle Laws

Details: Other Laws on Emergency Vehicles The law exempts emergency vehicles from most parking laws (CGS § 14-251) and certain other laws, as noted below. For the purposes of the following laws, the law considers an authorized emergency vehicle to be a: 1. fire department vehicle, 2. police vehicle, and 3.

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“GOOD SAMARITAN” LAWS IN FOUR OTHER STATES

Details: The laws in Massachusetts, New York, Pennsylvania, and Rhode Island either apply broadly to volunteers providing emergency assistance or to (1) those whose usual duties do not include emergency medical care, (2) specific medical professionals, (3) people using automated external defibrillators (AEDs), or (4) people trained in first aid or life

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Gun Laws in Switzerland

Details: SWISS GUN LAWS. In 1993, Swiss voters accepted a constitutional amendment that authorized parliament to pass a "gun-abuse" law. The law was adopted in 1997 and went in effect in 1998. It preserves the right of citizens to acquire, own, and carry guns, including Swiss military-issue arms.

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POSSESSION OF TOBACCO PRODUCTS BY MINORS

Details: Only five states, Massachusetts, Nevada, New Jersey, New York, and South Carolina, have no laws concerning minors and tobacco. Of the states that prohibit minors from buying tobacco, 31 impose fines. The fines range from $10 for the first offense to $750 for the third offense. Nine states impose only fines, while 22 states combine fines with

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PARENTAL OPTIONS FOR OUT-OF-CONTROL 16-YEAR-OLDS

Details: The law specifies that a teen that violates a judge's order cannot be considered a delinquent and cannot be sent to a state correction or detention facility (CGS §§ 46b-150f and 46b-150g).

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INFORMATION ON 9-1-1 LAWS

Details: Typically, the laws criminalize one or more of the following: calling 9-1-1 to make non emergency requests or false reports, using an alarm or other alerting device to automatically dial 9-1-1 to transmit prerecorded messages, or preventing someone from completing a 9-1-1 call. Typically, violators are guilty of a misdemeanor.

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REGULATION OF CONTINUING CARE RETIREMENT COMMUNITIES …

Details: Connecticut law permits DSS to investigate violations of CCRC laws. At the commissioner ' s request, the attorney general can issue injunctions and seek restitution. CCRCs that enter into contracts (1) without first delivering a disclosure statement or (2) that rely on a disclosure statement that omits a required material fact or is otherwise

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State Laws on Damages Caused by Quarrying

Details: Mining laws in Kentucky and West Virginia cover quarrying, and have provisions regulating blasting. North Carolina and Wyoming mining laws apply to large quarries, but do not specifically address noise or vibrations caused by quarrying. Arkansas has a law (Ark. Code Ann. § 15-57-401 -15-57-414) and Missouri has regulations (10 Mo. CSR § 40-10

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Connecticut Abortion Law

Details: laws with those in other states, such as laws in some states on abortion waiting periods, parental consent, and partial birth abortion bans. Connecticut Abortion Law By: James Orlando, Chief Attorney October 03, 2018 | 2018-R-0195 Issue This report provides an overview of Connecticut’s abortion laws. Summary

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CONNECTICUT'S SEX OFFENDER REGISTRATION LAW

Details: You asked (1) who must register under Connecticut ' s sex offender registry law and (2) how consensual sex between high school sweethearts is treated under the law.. SUMMARY. Connecticut ' s sex offender registry law applies to persons convicted, or acquitted by reason of insanity, of four types of offenses: criminal offenses against a victim who is a minor, nonviolent sexual offenses, violent

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LAWS PROTECTING HIGH SCHOOL SPORTS OFFICIALS

Details: Most of these state laws apply to high school sports officials but Minnesota ' s is the only one that is limited only to high school officials. Two states, Minnesota and Oregon, do not impose enhanced criminal penalties. Minnesota allows an offender to be banned from high school league events for up to 12 months and Oregon gives officials

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RECENT CHANGES TO CONNECTICUT LAW CONCERNING 16- …

Details: You asked about recent changes to Connecticut laws concerning 16- and 17-year olds and how they compare to laws in neighboring states. Before 2000, Connecticut law created a “gray area” in which parents of 16- and 17-years were legally responsible for supporting and controlling their children and financially responsible for their actions but could not obtain public support to help control

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Light Pollution Laws

Details: Light Pollution Laws By: Kristen Miller, Senior Legislative Attorney November 13, 2017 | 2017-R-0258 Issue This report summarizes Connecticut’s laws that address light pollution and gives a brief overview of related laws in other states. Summary Light pollution is generally unwanted or harmful outdoor light and can take several forms, including

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HOLIDAY EMPLOYMENT LAWS

Details: Laws § 5-23-2). Stores that open without a license can be fined up to $500 for the first offense and up to $1,000 for each additional offense. Stores that open illegally on Thanksgiving or Christmas face an additional fine of up to 30% of their sales or proceeds from that day (RI Gen. Laws § 5-23-6).

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Criminal Conduct under Connecticut's "Threatening" Laws

Details: Other state laws criminalize threats in specific circumstances (CGS §53a-62 (harassment), §53a-181b and §53-37b (hate crimes), 53a-182 (disorderly conduct), §53a-181 (breach of peace), and §53a-181a (creating a public disturbance)). We have enclosed OLR Report 99-r-0945 which describes those statutes in greater detail. LIMITS ON FREE SPEECH

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Alcohol Server Training Laws

Details: Server training laws establish programs intended to educate bartenders, other alcohol servers, store clerks, and permit holders about responsible serving practices. Sixteen states have programs that apply to employees of establishments selling liquor for (1) on-premises consumption (e.

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DOMESTIC VIOLENCE PRIMARY AGGRESSOR LAWS

Details: Such laws require officers to attempt to identify the “primary aggressor” when considering the arrest of both parties in a domestic violence situation. (Massachusetts ' law does not have a mandatory arrest or primary aggressor provision.) According to the U.S. Department of Justice ' s (U.S. DOJ) National Institute of Justice, dual arrests

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LAWS ON ASSAULT OF A SPORTS OFFICIAL

Details: These laws provide specific penalties either by creating a new crime or raising the penalty for one or more existing crimes when they are committed against a sports official. The laws vary in terms of what officials and what levels of sports activities are covered.

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APPLICATION OF STATE DO-NOT-CALL LAWS TO CAMPAIGN CALLS

Details: Laws regulating robo calls have been attacked on several different grounds. Lawsuits have been filed claiming that the TCPA preempts such laws. The federal law prohibits calls to a residential telephone line using an artificial or prerecorded voice without the recipient ' s prior express consent, unless the call is initiated for emergency

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LEGISLATION ON PAINTBALL GUNS

Details: Laws regulating the sale, possession, use, or transportation of “weapons” may apply to paintball guns in those states. For example, in two cases where minors improperly used paintball guns to cause damage to persons and property, respectively, courts held that paintball guns are weapons.

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Drug-Impaired Driving Laws

Details: DUID laws prohibit driving while impaired by any drug. Including Connecticut, 33 states and D.C. have DUID laws. These laws require law enforcement officers to observe impaired behavior (e.g. erratic or reckless driving) and evidence of specified drug use. Officers then must try to obtain chemical evidence of the drug, generally

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Refusal of Medical Treatment on Religious Grounds

Details: Several states have passed laws recognizing the right of patients, including minors to decline treatment that conflicts with their religious beliefs and practices (a review of Connecticut ' s law follows below). Courts usually draw a distinction between children requiring immediate attention and those needing remedial or elective care

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The Evolution of Privacy: A Look at the Past, Present,and

Details: Summarizes the laws in other states and the federal law concerning privacy in the workplace (3 pages). 98-R-0178. Describes the laws in other states that regulate the use or collection of consumer information by retailers (2 pages). 98-R-0184

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